Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility
(800) 937-3880

Lot #229
Oliver Cromwell Autograph Letter Signed on the Marriage of His Son, Richard Cromwell

Cromwell negotiates for the marriage of his son: "I desire you to carry this business with all privacy, I beseech you to do so"

This lot has closed

Estimate: $30000+
Sell a Similar Item?


Cromwell negotiates for the marriage of his son: "I desire you to carry this business with all privacy, I beseech you to do so"

ALS signed “O. Cromwell,” two pages on two adjoining sheets, unfolded to 15.75 x 12, April 3, 1648. Large, lengthy handwritten letter to Colonel Richard Norton, aiming to expedite the negotiations for the marriage of his son, Richard Cromwell, to Dorothy Maijor, the daughter of Richard Maijor, a member of the Hampshire gentry. In part: "I could not in my last give you a perfect account of what passed between me and Mr. M[aijor] because we were to have a conclusion of our speed that morning after I wrote my letter to you. Which we had, and having had a full interview of one another's minds, we parted with this, that both would consider with our relations, and according to satisfactions given there, acquaint each other with our minds…

The things insisted upon were these (as I take it). Mr. Maijor desired 400l. per annum of inheritance, lying in Cambridgeshire and Norfolk, to be presently settled, and to be for maintenance, wherein I desired to be advised by my wife. I offered the Land in Hampshire for present maintenance which I dare say with copses and ordinary fells will be communibus annis, 500l. per annum, besides 500l. per annum, in tenants hands holding but for one life, and about 300l. per annum, some for two lives, some for three lives…For what else was demanded of me I am willing (so far as I remember any demand was) to give satisfaction.

Only, I having been informed by Mr. Robinson that Mr. Maijor did, upon a former match, offer to settle the Manor wherein he lived, and to give 2,000l. in money, I did insist upon that, and do desire it may not be with difficulty. The money I shall need for my two little wenches, and thereby I shall free my Son from being charged with them. Mr. Maijor parts with nothing in present but that money, saving this board which I should not be unwilling to give them to enjoy the comfort of their society, which it's reason be smart for, if he will rob me altogether of them. Truly the land to be settled both what the Parliament gives me, and my own, is very little less than 3,000l. per annum, all things considered, if I be rightly informed. And a Lawyer of Lincoln's Inn having searched all the Marquis of Worcester's writings, which were taken at Ragland and sent for by the Parliament, and this gentleman appointed by the Committee to search the said writings, assures me, there is no scruple concerning the title, And it so fell out that this Gentleman who searched was my own Lawyer, a very godly able man, and my dear friend, which I reckon no small mercy, He is also possessed of the writings for me. I thought fit to give you this account, desiring you to make such use of it as God shall direct you, and I doubt not but you will do the part of a friend between two friends. I account myself one, and I have heard you say Mr. Maijor was entirely so to you."

He adds a postscript: "I desire you to carry this business with all privacy, I beseech you to do so as you love me. Let me entreat you not to lose a day herein, that I may know Mr. Maijor's mind, for I think I may be at leisure for a week to attend this business, to give and take satisfaction, from which perhaps I may be shut up afterwards by employment. I know thou art an idle fellow, but prithee neglect me not now delay may be very inconvenient to me, I much rely upon you. Let me hear from you in two or 3 days. I confess the principal consideration as to me is the absolute settlement of the Manor where he lives, which he would not do but conditionally in case they have a son, and but 3,000l. in case they have no son. But as to this, I hope farther reason may work him to more." Nicely corner-mounted and matted to an overall size of 16.75 x 20.25. Professionally backed and in fine condition.

This letter is significant for its date—April 3, 1648, as the Second English Civil War was brewing—and for its fascinating details regarding lands, inheritances and potential offspring. According to Cromwell's biographer Samuel Church in 'Oliver Cromwell, a History,' the choice of companion for his son revealed Cromwell's character: 'Had Oliver at this time cherished the bold schemes for dominion which his enemies impute to him, he would never have sought this obscure alliance with the daughter of a country gentleman.' The marriage was concluded in 1649, and Richard Cromwell would succeed his father as second Lord Protector a decade later.

Auction Info

  • Auction Title: Fine Autograph and Artifacts Featuring John F. Kennedy
  • Dates: #692 - Ended May 15, 2024

This item is Pre-Certified by PSA/DNA
Buy a third-party letter of authenticity for (inquire for price)

*This item has been pre-certified by a trusted third-party authentication service, and by placing a bid on this item, you agree to accept the opinion of this authentication service. If you wish to have an opinion rendered by a different authenticator of your choosing, you must do so prior to your placing of any bid. RR Auction is not responsible for differing opinions submitted 30 days after the date of the sale.