Booklet entitled "Message of the President of the United States, Returning to the House of Representatives the Bill entitled 'An Act Making Appropriations for the Support of the Army for the Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1880, and for Other Purposes," delivered on April 29, 1879, twelve pages, 5.75 x 9.25, signed on the front cover in ink, "With Compliments of R. B. Hayes." In very good to fine condition, with a central vertical fold, light toning to the edges and center, and a "Library of Lawrence E. Miller" blindstamp to the rear wrapper. Accompanied by a custom-made presentation folder with gilt spine titling.
In March 1879, a special early session of the 46th Congress convened to consider unfinished spending bills that threatened a government shutdown, including this Army Appropriations Bill. Democrats attached riders to bills that would have prevented President Hayes from financing the US Marshals and Army personnel stationed in the South. Many regarded this as an attempt to nullify black voting rights, and instead of agreeing to the riders, Hayes vetoed five bills and prompted a 14-month showdown between the executive and legislative branches. Four of Hayes’s vetoes were sustained with the help of the House Republican floor leader James A. Garfield, who denounced riders as 'a revolution against the Constitution and Government of the United States.' From the collection of Dr. Lawrence E. Miller.
Terms and abbreviations used in our descriptions.