Fine Autographs and Artifacts Online
Home |Sitemap|Contact Us| Past Auctions  
 How to Bid   Register to Bid   Auctions   Consign   About US   Featured Lots 
If you don't have a Bidder Number, register now to bid!
back button 30 Minute Rule Begins on the Evening of May 13 at 7 PM ET
An Initial Bid Must Be Placed By 6 PM ET To Participate After 7 PM ET
Item   Title MB Now at Next bid Bids New bid Max bid  
18   John Tyler  $300 $400 $440 4 You must login to place a bid.

#18 - John Tyler

click to enlarge
Mouse Over to Zoom/Click to Enlarge

President Tyler requests the “papers sent with the China Treaty”

Boldly penned ALS signed “J. Tyler,” one page, 4.5 x 7, no date. Confidential letter to a gentleman. In part: “The papers sent with the China Treaty are the original which we have had no time to copy—a return of them when the Senate…[is] done with them is respected.” In fine condition, with intersecting folds, subtle foxing, and a small tear to top edge.

This most likely relates to the very first treaty between the United States and China, which was signed on July 3, 1844, and ratified by President Tyler on January 17, 1845. Known as the Treaty of Wang Hiya, it was negotiated by Caleb Cushing, a Massachusetts lawyer dispatched by President John Tyler under pressure from American merchants concerned about the British dominance in Chinese trade. The lengthy treaty was modeled after similar agreements between China and the United Kingdom, and included: extraterritoriality, which meant that US citizens could only be tried by US consular officers; fixed tariffs on trade in the treaty ports; the right to buy land in the five treaty ports and erect churches and hospitals there; the right to learn Chinese by abolishing a law which hitherto forbade foreigners to do so; and granting the US most-favored-nation status, allowing the nation additional privileges. The US also banned opium trade in a concession to the Chinese. Given the date that this treaty was passed, this is most likely an ALS as president. An exceptionally bold letter from this historic time between nations, setting the stage for the immense growth of international commerce that continues to this day. Pre-certified PSA/DNA.

This item is Pre-Certified!
Purchase a third-party full letter of authenticity for $75.
No extra postage and no long delays!
Click here if you are interested.

back button
Help links  
Learn more about our autograph authentication experts...
Buyer's Premium   The Bidder acknowledges and agrees that a 22.5% buyer’s premium will be added to the hammer price on all individual Timed Auction lots. For additional information view our complete terms and conditions.
Your bid is a contract  Placing a bid online means you agree to abide by the terms and conditions listed by RRAuction.
Payment methods accepted  Money Order, Cashier's Check, Personal Check, or Wire Transfer.
Payment for items won in auction 452 is due by Monday, May 25th unless prior arrangements have been made. Late payment may result in suspension of your bidding privileges.
Further descriptions You can call us or email us if you'd like us to answer questions about these items.