Twice-signed official typed transcript of proceedings of the "Treaty of Peace with Germany: Conference between the President and The Committee on Foreign Relations of the United States Senate" at the East Room of the White House on August 19, 1919, prepared by Galt & Williams, 158 pages, 8 x 10.75, crisply signed on the interior cover page in fountain pen, "Woodrow Wilson," and signed again on the first page of the transcript, "Woodrow Wilson." Bound in soft leather wrappers with gilt-stamped titling on the front cover. In very good to fine condition, with moderate heavy wear and tears to the partially detached leather cover; interior pages are all clean and fine.
The fruition of President Wilson's Fourteen Points famously established the League of Nations at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, with the League's charter later incorporated into the conference's WWI-dissolving Treaty of Versailles. Representatives of each country signed the treaty in June 1919, but for the United States to accept its conditions, it had to be ratified by Congress. The Senate majority leader, Henry Cabot Lodge, a Republican from Massachusetts, opposed the treaty, specifically the section regarding the League of Nations, and argued that the United States would give up too much power under the League of Nations. As a response, Lodge drafted fourteen reservations—to match President Wilson’s Fourteen Points. Wilson's opposition to any amendments or reservations of the treaty subsequently concluded with its final rejection on March 19, 1920.
Terms and abbreviations used in our descriptions.