LS signed “J. A. Garfield,” one page both sides, 7.25 x 9.5, House of Representatives letterhead, April 3, 1879. Letter to Dr. John Peter Robison in Cleveland, in full: "Yours in regard to Russell is received. I note what you say in reference to the farm. If we could procure a thoroughly bred Ayreshire bull I think it would be well for us both, and I will share such portion of the cost as you may think I ought. Use your own judgement in the matter. I enclose and order on the Citizen's Loan and Savings Bank for $1020.00, and I will thank you if you will draw the money and pay my note to Geo. Dickey which falls due on the 11th inst. I was in hopes that I might get away to Ohio at that time but it will be impossible. The fight in which we are engaged here is a fierce one, and keeps me on deck every hour. In a day or two I will send you a pamphlet copy of my late speech…P.S. I enclose an editorial from the 'Chicago Times' which is Democratic but independent." In fine condition, with splitting to the bottom of one of the vertical folds.
In March 1879, a special early session of the 46th Congress convened to consider unfinished spending bills that threatened a government shutdown. Democrats attached riders to bills that would have prevented President Hayes from financing the US Marshals and Army personnel stationed in the South. Instead of agreeing to the riders, Hayes vetoed five bills and prompted a 14-month showdown between the executive and legislative branches. Four of Hayes’s vetoes were sustained with the help of the House Republican floor leader James A. Garfield, who denounced riders as 'a revolution against the Constitution and Government of the United States.'
Terms and abbreviations used in our descriptions.